!). Names
A). Various Names
1). Mishipizhiw
2). Mishipeshu
3). Mishibizhii
4). Mitchipissy
5). Great Lynx
B). Etymology
1). Ojibwa for “Great lynx”

II). Description
A). Serpentine, horned, saw-toothed back. Sometimes characterized as female.

III). Habitat
A). Lake Superior, Lake Nipigon

IV).  Giant Serpents Accompanied
A). The Serpents were called Chignebikoog
B). The snakes have unusual legs or horns protruding from chest

V). Native Folklore
A). Ojibwe tribe
1). Represented the embodied spirit and power of Lake Superior
B). Algonquians
C). Anishinaabe Group of Native Americans surrounding the Great Lakes all shared similar stories, but none as precise as Mishipeshu

VI). Possible paintings elsewhere
A). Repainting of Mishipeshu
1). There is evidence that the Mishipeshu pictograph has been repainted with the legs and tails length added.
B). There are three mishipeshu pictographs on agawa rock: two of them not accessible by foot.
C). Possible painting of giant snake in Killarny on French River.
D). Carp River Pictographs on south shore of Lake Superior
E). Alligator Effigy Mound in Granville, Ohio

VII). Did dinosuars exist with man?
A). Kentrosaurus
B). Amarga
C). Lambeosaurus

VIII). Quotes
A). “The animals that live at the bottom of Lake Superior were not created by the Holy Spirit. They don’t have hair. Their bodies are covered with fingernail-like scales; and spines run down their backs. A long time ago, gold, silver, and copper minerals were found on the surface of the earth. These scaly animals hoarded the minerals and buried the metal deep beneath the earth.  The Holy Spirit told the medicine men to get rid of the spiny creatures. Those animals ate trees and destroyed the forest That’s when flint was discovered by the Indians. Only flint is sharp enough to pierce their scaly skin. So the Indians, with the help of the spirits and medicine men, killed off those giant creatures. Only the ones that lived deep under the sea survived.”
–Fred Pine
B). “There is a legend that an Indian was canoeing on Lake Superior, and suddenly the water became very turbulent. The Indian man was sure he would drown. A big snake was pulling at his canoe, so he stuck a fish spear into the giant serpent’s back. When he pulled the spear up a piece of snake’s flesh was stuck onto the end of the spear. The flesh turned out to be pure copper. “
-Chief Norma Fox of the Cockburn Island Ojibwe

IX). Sources
A). Nicolas Perrot, Memoire sur les moeurs, coustumes, et religion des Sauvages de l’Amerique septentrionale (1705) (Paris: A Frank, 1864)
B). Selwyn Dewdney and Kenneth E. Kidd Indian Rock Paintings of the Great Lakes (Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 1967)
C). Norval, Morrisseau, Legends of My People, the Great Ojibway (Toronto, Canada: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1977)
D). Eberhart, George M, Mysterious Creatures: A Guide to Cryptozoology Volume A-Z (Bideford, North Devon: CFZ Press, 2013)
E). Ham, Ken (General Editor), The New Answers Book 4 (Green Forest, AZ: Masterbooks Press, 2013)
F). Conway, Thor, Spirits on Stone: Lake Superior Ojibwa History, Legends, and the Agawa Pictographs (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario: Heritage Discoveries Inc., 2010)


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